The following rune poems are our main sources for the names and meanings of the Germanic runes. Both the Norwegian and Icelandic rune poems are based on the younger futhark, while the Anglo-Saxon poems are based on the Anglo-Saxon rune row. These are obviously derived from the elder futhark, but some runes have shifted in sound value and meaning. As the languages changed the runes changed with them. Some runes were dropped, while others were added.
These poems and their translations were gathered from Ragnar's Ragweed Forge.